Doing their bit
The challenge for New Zealand is that when it comes to agriculture production, there is currently no silver bullet: the only effective way to meaningfully reduce agricultural emissions is to reduce agricultural production.
The vast majority of New Zealand’s agri production is exported, and in a global comparison New Zealand is a highly efficient producer in terms of greenhouse gas emissions per unit of product. One could therefore argue the production-based emissions methodology is not entirely appropriate and New Zealanders should rather be judged on the implied carbon footprint of what they consume.
But that is a moot point – the nation has signed up to production-based targets and faces significant challenges to reach them.