The PwC Survey highlighted an increase in reported bribery and corruption between 2011 and 2014 from seven to 15 per cent in New Zealand, and from 24 to 27 per cent globally.
Other studies support this finding, with an Australian study finding that 43 per cent of respondents believing that corruption had increased in the three years to 2012.
Last year the OECD's Working Group on Bribery expressed concerns about New Zealand's lack of enforcement of the foreign bribery offence despite being a signatory to the OECD Convention on Combatting Bribery in 2001. New Zealand has not prosecuted any foreign bribery cases.
The low number of foreign bribery allegations raised concerns on the levels of awareness, reporting and detection. There are further concerns that detection efforts may be undermined by the outdated perception by many that New Zealand individuals and companies do not engage in bribery and corruption.
Similarly the OECD chastised Australia in 2013 for failing to enforce, among other things, foreign bribery laws: “Out of 28 foreign bribery referrals that have been received by the Australian Federal Police, 21 have been concluded without charges."