I recently sat down with David to discuss his views on leadership, the biggest technology trends reshaping the world, and career advice for budding future innovators and change makers.
1. Build skills: find something you enjoy, and excel at it
Innovation often requires significant resources, such as time, money and talent. Some individuals and organisations may lack the resources necessary to invest in innovation, while others may be unwilling to allocate resources away from other priorities.
To be a great innovator, David said you first need to find something you are good at. “Innovation is about this continual quest to find ways to improve, to do things better,” he explained. “Whether we're running an organisation or doing research and development, it's this continual quest for improvement and being willing to go outside the dots to find a solution.”
But what most people need to realise is that creating innovation can be very difficult David added the results will take a while before they bear any fruit. According to McKinsey, innovation requires discipline just as much as it requires creativity. Innovation takes work and sustained effort in an area of focus. But David said it is that focus that should be based on your strengths and key passions, which will help drive you forward.
“There is something that I would say to every student or anyone you know, saying their career, find out what you do enjoy and be really good at it. I know that sounds a bit simplistic but we all need something that, you know, we specialise in,” said David. “And don't try to be too broad too quickly, you see, because you build all these other skills around analytics about how to approach problems, how to get to solutions and things like that.”
So the first steps are to find out what you enjoy and invest in being good at it. And then you are ready to take a leap of faith.
2. Take risks: innovation requires taking something to the next level
David also talked about the importance of being agile as your interests and passions may change and shift over time as you learn more about the specific problem or issues you are working on.
“Because as you start down that road, new things will come across your path. And I think it's really important that you remain open to new ideas,” he said. “There's this constant sort of re-learning or being open to maybe changing along the way, but you've got that foundation of what you're good at doing or what you enjoy, then remain open and be willing to course correct.”
So knowing when to take risks is another essential skill you can hone to become a good innovator. “I see many wonderful people who are bright, articulate, deep-domain experts, but they stay in their comfort zone too much,” explained David.
Culture may play a role here. David alluded to a perception that others in the developing world consider Australians to be afraid of risk. But he disagreed: “A lot of people think that Australians are, you know, risk-averse. But we're pretty rational. Take miners, for example; that is pretty risky, right? You know, going and spending three years looking for lithium in waste and spending tens of millions of dollars to do that, but they believe something was there.
“So we're not necessarily risk-averse; we haven't applied that to some new areas like technology or software development or even medicine. So we need to take that adventurous spirit and apply it to new areas."
3. Passion and purpose: the key to unlocking the energy to innovate
Finding motivation, passion and energy in our work is crucial to being a good innovator. The final piece of advice David spoke about was that if you are doing something and you are not enjoying it, simply do not do it. “Go where you get natural energy,” he said.
Energy (which you can gain from uniting passion and purpose), is an essential component of the process of creation because it provides the drive and motivation necessary to overcome the many challenges and obstacles that you may face when experimenting with innovative ideas and solutions to many of life’s challenging problems.
“The great innovators worked through incredible hardship and tried things… sometimes the same thing 100 times, and then the 101st time, well, they found something different, and there's a breakthrough,” said David.
Importantly, he said it would not just be one of these technologies or new innovations that profoundly changes the world for the better. Rather, it will be the combined efforts of all innovators pushing forward now and in the future that will enable positive change that could very well alter the course of human history.
“I think it is all these technologies working together to enable a whole different way of doing things… that really is what drives me enormously,” he said. “So I think it's really important that as you go through that, be willing to step out and give it a go; that may be starting your own business, it may be raising capital, it may be just doing something different within what your area of expertise is.
“So it's not just because you're bright; it's actually some hard work along the way that can really enable you to be successful. If you follow some of those principles, and then [with] a little bit of luck along the way... recognise the luck and go for it, I think the world is an incredible opportunity for all of us.”
And finally: “Be bold, be strong, give it a go – would be my view.”
Professor Mary-Anne Williams is Michael J Crouch Chair for Innovation at UNSW and Deputy Director, UNSW AI Institute.
This piece originally appeared in UNSW’s BusinessThink published on April 12, 2023